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Ternopil State medical Institute was inaugurated on September 1, 1957 by the resolution of the Ukrainian government of April 12, 1957. In the city that had been almost completely destroyed during the World War II and just began raising from the ruins, it was the first higher educational establishment. Three days after the government resolution, the appointed Director (Rector) of the Medical Institute, Candidate of Medical Sciences, surgeon P.O. Ogiy (later on M.D., Professor) and prof. Martynyuk A.H., the vice-rector, arrived to Ternopil. By the decision of the Regional Council, two educational buildings and two hostels were allotted to the Institute. The clinical base was provided by the City Hospital that had been functioning then as the Regional Hospital. Morphological building, Regional Hospital and a new hostel were under construction. 19 departments began functioning at the Institute, 66 teachers were working there (including 1 M.D., and 17 Candidates of Med. Sc.).

Standing at the starting line were young teachers-scientists, later on professors, honoured scientists K.V.Kovanov, Yu.T.Komorovsky, A.I. Lokay, I.O.Sytnyk, M.P.Skakun. Among the founders was Ye.H. Honcharuk, an assistant teacher of General Hygiene Department, later on Academician of the National Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine and many international academies, Rector of the Kyiv National Medical University named after O.O.Bohomolets.

624 students studied at three courses then, 210 being first-year students. 120 second- and 224 third-year students moved voluntarily from medical institutes of Ukraine, Russia and other republics of the former USSR. The Scientific Council, Central Methodical Commission and Departments did their utmost to organize educational and methodical process, to establish strategic directions of the researches and to control the level of students’ training. In 1959 the first scientific forum was held on the basis of the newly-formed Institute – the Conference of the Ukrainian Pathological Society. The 7th Plenum of the Ukrainian Scientific Society of Surgeons in October 1960 was an important event. The students’ scientific societies were functioning efficiently.